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Proximity Switches

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Infrared proximity switches work by sending out beams of infrared invisible light. A photodetector on the switch determines if there are any objects nearby by detecting any reflection of the beam of light that was sent out. However, due to background light, a switch with only a light source and photodiode is susceptible to inaccurate readings. For that reason, more complex models modulate the transmitted light at a specific frequency and have receivers that only respond to said frequency. Read More…

Proximity Switches Proximity switches are made to open or close an electrical circuit when they either make contact or come within a certain distance of an object. They detect objects in close "proximity." Proximity switches come in four basic types, which are: infrared, acoustic, capacitive, and inductive.
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Leading Manufacturers

Eden Prairie, MN  |  800-806-6113

Our membrane switches are known for their high-quality and affordable prices. We work hard to find the precise parts that will work with your every need. It is our goal to create a relationship with you that is beneficial to both parties.

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ALUDEC USA $$$

Perry, NY  |  800-227-5718

JN White is an ISO 9001:2015 and ITAR-certified manufacturer of membrane switches, graphic overlays, and custom labels. We nimbly handle projects big and small and have the uncommon ability to translate what our customers need into high-quality, high-precision outcomes.

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JN White $$$

Watertown, CT  |  800-853-5617

ECI Technologies is a leading designer and manufacturer of innovative membrane switches, graphic overlays and electronic interfaces. We can produce tactile and non-tactile switches and keypads, as well as add features such as backlighting and environmental protection. We also offer quick-turn prototype design and production. Since 1991, we have been serving industries such as industrial, medical, military, and avionics.

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ECI Technologies $$$

Santa Ana, CA  |  800-228-6693

Membrane switches are our business, and for over 40 years we have remained a leading manufacturer in our industry. We credit our success to our innovative products, manufacturing techniques, and dedication to customers. We have a mission of providing the most competitive prices and expert engineering in the business today.

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Weber Precision Graphics $$$

Chaska, MN  |  800-959-0108

Founded in 1972, Dyna-Graphics is a world leader in membrane switch technology. Dyna-Graphics’ membrane switch technology product line includes rubber keypads, graphic overlays, touch screens, printed circuit boards, printed circuit board assemblies, and flexible printed circuit boards for membrane switches and rubber keypads, as well as environmentally sealed membrane switches.

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Dyna-Graphics Corporation $$$
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Models that are even more complex can use the light reflected from an object to compute its distance from the sensor. In principle, acoustic proximity switches are similar to infrared switches, but instead of light, they use sound. Acoustic switches work by using a transducer to transmit inaudible sound waves at various frequencies in a preset sequence. Then, they measure the length of time the sound takes to hit a nearby object then return to a second transducer on the switch.

Membrane Switch Circuit Membrane Switch Circuit - Douglas Corporation

Essentially, acoustic switches are employing echolocation, a practice similar to sonar, used in nature by bats and dolphins. Capacitive proximity switches sense distance to objects by detecting changes in surrounding capacitance. A radio-frequency oscillator is connected to a metal plate, and its frequency changes when the plate nears an object.

When this change takes place, the frequency detector sends a signal telling the switch to open or close. Finally, inductive proximity switches sense distances to objects by generating magnetic fields, similar in this way, to metal detectors. To function, a wire coil is charged with an electrical current, which is measured by an electronic circuit. If a metallic part gets close enough to the coil, the current will increase and the switch will open or close accordingly.

Proximity switches are used primarily in manufacturing processes and equipment, robotics and security systems. For example, proximity switches may measure the position of machine components, detect the opening of a door or monitor a robot or its components proximity to an object, and steer it accordingly.

Proximity Switches Informational Video